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this also dragging the global economy down. we will hear more about that as well as look at u.s. fiscal policy posted by the council on foreign relations this is an hour. >> good morning. we can get started. >> for those of you that don't know me i am sebastian of the council. a couple housekeeping things. please remember this is on the record, this meeting. [inaudible] if you have a cell phone device [inaudible] [laughter] >> we agree to group for this meeting. [inaudible] in the middle and john was a kind of anchorperson of this meeting serious when it was going a while ago, and he is now at seis and was recently at the international monetary fund. and, so, we obviously have from the size of the audience appreciation of the quality of the panel. we may also have an appreciation of the economy. it runs obviously to next week's meeting of the fed to the questions about the chinese slowdown and all of that. i thought we would start with europe since the sort of the altar on that may be the biggest but in this case i guess the press conference would be in about half an hour. so i wouldn't
to the u.s. participation in world war i. this event held at the 10 main pc in a new york city is about an hour. [applause] >> thank you, boris. it is a pleasure to be here. thank you offer coming out for this. i just want to second what saab want the same about the museum, the tenement museum. if you have not taken the tour down the block here, which is really the core mission of this museum is to interpret that tenement house built in 1863 and the generations of immigrants who became new yorkers partly through living there. you really know what to yourself. it's indispensable to understanding new york city's history in the 19th and early 20th century histories. it's really a gift to the city of new york that we have this museum. so i encourage you, even if you take a mature before, please come back and take it again because the tours are changing and it's a wonderful it areas. as someone mentioned, i'm here tonight to talk about my book, "new york at war." publishers and images, powerpoint presentations come as some of which are in the book, others not in the book. the book itself rea
in the 1970s. and she was very generous and sweet and took me along for this ride, and this is the story from that ride which is entitled letter from a birmingham suburb. it's way too early. the sun is barely out, it's cold out, and alicia thomas is warming up the engine of her big yellow school bus. she cranks the heat for her two boys. still bundled up, they're pulling out their schoolbooks. up in the front row i reach over and hand miss alicia the warm cup of coffee i'd promised when she invited me along for the ride. she says thank you with a sweet, sunny alabama smile. we idle a few minutes, then she puts the bus in gear, and we're off. alicia thomas drives the bus. not the regular bus and not the short bus. she drives the other bus, the bus that brings the black kids. every weekday morning for nearly four decades her bus, or a bus quite like it, has followed the same route out there the suburbs of birmingham up columbian that road and out into the ox omore valley below. there in oxmore the bus picks up its quota and hauls it back to the lille hi-white enclave where i went to high school
's speak iraq. in the early '80s, the prime minister decided to attack the nuclear reactor in iraq. it wasn't popular here in the u.s., but we did it. and we we were condemned by the u.s., by the state department, we were condemned by the u.n., but years later people exearkted that the -- appreciated that the, grave decision that prime minister begin took in 198 is 1 was for the benefit of the american people. because when you, the american army, invaded iraq, you were able do into the region without taking the risk that iran was nuclear. i'm sure there are some young jewish people in the audience, and for us, i don't mean -- yom kippur is the holiest day of the year. 1973 during the yom kippur, that's something i found out even though i thought i knew everything before i wrote the book, but while doing the research, i learned myself a lot, and i found out that in 1973 when the egyptian and syrian armies caught us by surprise and we were almost in a point that we would have lost the war, and when we lose the war, you know where we can go to, to the sea. it's not that the war that you fight
a couple weeks or months before the announcement he wouldn't just be announcing bin laden's's death, he would be announcing the death of al qaeda and a victory in the war on terrorist and he threw them away for a few minutes for television cameras. it's incredible. >> host: it's very clear that he gave that television cameras that were written and he was ready to go publicly and as you say that surprised so many of the senior advisers. >> guest: he wrote it along with been rhodes and was very influential. >> host: let's move on to the second case study were the others in the book that i thought was fascinating living in the middle east or hardly ever from the service of the politics and once again this morning that the assassination of the libyan ambassador and the story is once again. but you talk in particular about president obama's relationship with prime minister netanyahu of europe. tell us first about some of the influence on president obama in terms of his thinking of the situation and thinking of the listed of israel. >> guest: when you look to this relationship which is really
poured hundreds of thousands of dollars of his own money -- this is in the '60s, mind you, '60s and early '70s -- into this political party so that alabamians could vote for lyndon johnson rather than george wallace and that the hundreds of thousands of newly-registered black voters would have people to vote for. could not just vote, but also run for office. and so that was his life's work, and he was very much committed to recapturing the greatness of african-americans in the terms of political participation. he was very steeped in the era of reconstruction because his grandfather had been a reconstruction legislator, and he grew up hearing about his grandfather, grandpa herschel, while he was coming of age in jim crow, and it radicalized him to be living under jim crow in alabama while hearing about the fact that black people used to actually have political power and be in office including his own family. >> well, who was herschel cashin? >> that was my great grandfather. handsome man, isn't he? [laughter] he was in our family lore, herschel cashin was the first black lawyer in the stat
and the state department of the 1920s and the 1930s showed admirable tolerance for the eccentricities of george f. kennan. i always thought george f. kennan resigned from the foreign service more times than anybody else in the state department would always come back and say don't do it. .. technologies available to us. it was just making the point that if you ask about -- look at history through aviation, you would say history has not changed much in the last 60 years. we still fly at exactly the same speed. on airliners that, if anything, are less comfortable than they were then. if you look at the speed of communication, and the declining cost of communication, that is a totally different world. from the world when the first jetliners were developed. and in that sense, yes, it looks like history has speeded up. but i'm going to be flying to england next week, and i think i'm going to have the sense, as i fly there that history is moving very slowly indeed. >> john gaddis is the author of this book "george kennan: an american life." he joins us here at the book philosophy. thank you so much.
, and there is only one remaining u.s. sponsored sea-based in existence, which probably most people don't know or can't name. it's the underwater version of the international space station essentially. it's owned by the national oceanic and atmospheric administration, noaa, and managed by university of north carolina, it's called aquarius and it's been in operation for about 20 years there for scientific purposes largely, and it's a descendent of sealab. and a significant one to the people who use it. there were several in between sealab and aquarius but that is another story. i'm going to leave it at that i think for now. but just to make sure, we will just segue into the q&a here. i hope you have some, and i can't resist playing this. do we have volume here? ♪ >> yeah, a little more. ♪ ♪ >> extra points for whoever can do more that came from? somebody? [inaudible] >> you are personnel, you're not allowed to answer. the conflict of interest. yes, yes. the pop-culture vestige of sealab called sealab 2021 for which that is the very catchy theme song by the band calamine. so you see the legacy co
's development, but the east coast was packed with them, and the united states, the continental core of the u.s. was the last resource rich part of the zone that was settled and waterways flowing in a convenient east-west fashion than the rest of the world's waterways combined. so i'm saying that americans -- we're important not only because of their ideas and their democracy but because of where we happen to live as well, and so that's why these things, like mountains matter. the himalayas matter. they have allowed india and china to develop into who completely disstink great world civilizations without having much to do with each other, through long periods of history. >> so let's take that image that you offered of america, this amazingly suitable geographical place with all these great natural harbors and rivers that run the right way, but that was true for thousands of years, and did not lead to the development in what we think of as the united states, to great civilization, outreaching. it wasn't until european civilization arrived and began to make powerful use of those great harbors and
between the north and the south. ulysses grant, probably s the most famous one. the one who was the head of the victorious union army. he came back here, got into politics, was a very loyal republican, obviously, was elected as a republican president. there were others, william henry harrison before the civil war, was a soldier here in ohio who's actually born in virginia, but he did his soldiering here in ohio and indiana. all three states claimed him. but he was successful partly because he was able to adapt to the midwest and appeal to people kind of on both sides of the aisle politically. as you go into the 20th century, william howard taft was both supreme court chief justice and before that a president of the united states, came from cincinnati. cincinnati in some ways was a southern town because it was oriented, its trade was with the south along the ohio river and the mississippi. it also was the home of the underground railroad. so if you could get slaves -- the slaves could get out of kentucky and cross the ohio river, in some ways they were safe in ohio. and then they could be
in the syrian opposition. differences between the exiled syrian opposition a set of s-sierra, those fighting and dying on the ground in syria and those who are little more religious commission may come a arab opposition and those that are more secular opposition. and then you have those calling for the overthrow of the regime and those that are still blind to negotiate with the regime. there's been an attempt by outside powers, all these different groups of rebel forces to try to find a coherent center that can bring everything together in a coordinated way against the regime that would also draw outside support more readily as well as those fence sitters in the syrian population who don't necessarily support bashar al-assad regime, they don't see any viable alternative yet. once there is an alternative, some may go to his deposition. >> host: so what do you make of that headline? is that a good movement then? >> guest: for the opposition again, there's been many attempts. most of them have failed. the problems of the insurgency as it is inherently decentralized and therefore fragmented. in
can claim that ability for 1940s or 50s or 60s or 70s for today. in the 40s we didn't have money to keep a force capable of handling korea. in the 50s we build nuclear weapons as part of eisenhower's new look but didn't have an army that could handle vietnam. in the vietnam era relatively mediocre job waiting that counterinsurgency and nixon had to pull back in '69 and say we won't be ready for these multiple wars because we can't afford it. a similar moment in some ways strategically to where we are today. in the 1970s we had our worst post-world war ii planning decade and lead to a hollow force where the quality of people in uniform was not as high as it is today and we had rampant problems with drug abuse and even ronald reagan even though he had ambitious goals and did increase the size and strength of the military in many ways was operating under a contract that said one big war in europe for smaller work elsewhere. quince strategy could never be specific to say that would be enough and since that time we tried to build our forces around two capabilities and turned out when
have the foundations. so in d.c. we have two examples, such as the foundation u.s.a. and calvert foundation but there are whole hot of these institutions. you give your money to one of these intermediary asks they apparently invest this in the -- in your best interests and in the best interests of the poor by channeling this money to these small banks in developing countries that are going to do effective microfinance. that's the idea. that's the theory. >> well, this book has been promoted and my understanding is that members of the church congregations, people making responsible investments are flocking to this opportunity. tell us about some of the people providing the money. >> it's now become what mott people would say is a huge bubble. it was extremely overhyped as a miracle cure and it managed to attract money from unbelievable sources and in vast sums. currently the private microfinance capital invest is $70 billion and is growing at probably at least a billion or two billion dollars a month. so it's a huge industry, and the problem that people don't really think about is
trafficking and the movement of weapons across the u.s.-mexico border. this is about an hour. >> to have the president of mexico felipe cow roane -- calderone. this meeting is on the record and it is being communicated by videoconference so we beg you, turn off all of your wireless devices, phones, blackberrys, not to vibrate, but off. it's the maximum time of the conversation with the president. my introduction will be an diplomatically short. if you have the president's resume if your papers that were given to you as you entered the hall. let me simply say that president calderone, the yondah stuff five boies earned a bachelor's degree in the law and economics, and master's degree in public administration at the john kennedy school at harvard university. he became, a supporter of the party for the national action party becoming the president of the youthful organization and in the late 90's he became its president. before the 2006 election as president of mexico he served as a deputy in mexico's federal chamber of deputies and of the secretary of energy. and he will leave office in dec
about why i wrote a book on drone warfare. it really dates back now to over 10 years when the u.s., after 9/11 invaded afghanistan. i do know some of you are to run to remember, but others have asked might remember looking at our tv screens and seeing the pictures of these very serious the new weapons that we had in this idea that we now have these precision weapons would only target people they wanted to get. i would not result in capital or damage. it was almost a way to say to people, calm down, don't be worried. we won't be killing innocent people. so i was worried because i don't have a sense the latest and greatest new weapon is going to attack innocent people. and went to afghanistan three weeks after the invasion with several other colleagues and others before we even got into afghanistan that we found already people who would be considered collateral damage. the first young woman i met someone who sticks with me. she was 13 or so to my dad at that time was 13 or so it and i felt an affinity with her and asked her if i could learn about her story and she took it back to he
, defense, courts, feminism, andle even then phonic textbook for children called "first reader."s the newest book released this month is no higher power, obama's water on religious freedom. please welcome phyllis schlafly. [applause] [applause]er [applause] >> thank you very much, ann.the and gooda morning students. there are a lot of good books about obama. different aspecteds of his w one o but there wasn't one on a veryti important issue. and that's why i wrote this one, "no higher power: obama's war on religious freedom."rack on october 31st, 2008, barack obama said, we are five dayslly away from fundamentally transforming the united states.s few americans realized how cad really a that was and what kind of transformation he planned. he was goal was not merely to spread w the wealth as he told e the plumber.s t his goal is to transform america from one nation under god, as we proudly proclaim in a pledge of aleans to a totally secular country we're allowed ton t recognize no higher power thansp the federal government. especially the executive branch.o the it when barack obama m
to the u.s. participation in world war i. this event held at the tenement museum in new york city is about an hour. [applause] >> thank you, maurice. it's a pleasure to be here. thank you all for coming for this. i just want to second but morris was saying earlier about the museum, but the tenement museum. if you have not taken this to her of 97 down the block here, which is really the core mission of this museum is to interpret that tenement house that was built in 1863 and the generations of immigrants who became new yorkers partly through living there, he really over to yourself. i really think it's indispensable to understanding new york city's history in the 19th and early 20th centuries and it is really a gift to the city of new york that we have this museum. i encourage you even if you take a mature before, come please come back and take it again because there's new tours changing and it's a wonderful experience. as morris mentioned, i am here tonight to talk about my book "new york at war." i'm going to sho
of the most -- a dramatic chapter in the contemporary u.s. foreign policy. one of the hardest challenges i think for our decision makers is the relationship with iran as the non-relationship with iran as we might say. i felt we might begin our discussion with -- explain to our listeners will why and how you wrote the book. some of the methodological issues so that we get that the state. before we get into the visit ali told stories of these 30 years of the u.s. iran engagement from the perspective of our sort of military to military interaction so, i wonder if we can just start with tell us why he wrote the book and how considering that you are a government historian but this book was really done through a different methodology. >> guest: the genesis started as a dissertation many years ago back in the 90's in the reagan foreign policy in the persian gulf to get one of the catalysts for me as far as an interest in the region itself was my father had been the u.s. central command -- commander from 85 to 88, the u.s. military commander for the middle east. obviously that sort of spurred inte
has won a string of awards and probably the most relevant for today is the 2,009 u.s. naval institute general price but he has won awards from the air force for historicalwriting, the north american society for oceanographic history. that sounded pretty cool. you grew up to become an aviator but as mentioned he was the real from that and he's done the next best thing he says writing all these wonderful books about airborne warfare and related topics. his latest, the legendary world war ii aircraft carrier enterprise team and was inspired by a landmark book by the retired author who wrote the story of the uss enterprise in 1962. and the article in the arizona republic the interview that he did went on to say that surely the world needs a landmark book about the enterprise every 50 years the would make it worthwhile to come back and do another landmark book about the enterprise. islamic this is the inspiration for my abiding interest in the enterprise. the paperback was published in 1964 and you can do the math. this was the summer after my freshman year in high school, and during the c
of out of print manuscript in the books written in the 1920's. there were further than the wheeler and dealer and he was less than the gene yes. the more obvious it was that you could never tell the story of billy and alfred without telling the story of their peers all of whom as it turned out or just as strong willed and fascinating in their own ways as durant and slow in and their destiny tied to the interactions that they had with billy and alfred. the men like david to make that invented the process for bonding porcelain to metal that made the plumbing fixtures possible and then went on to create a buick motor to lose control of it within a year billy within the dying in the board of the traits harper hospital. then like henry the master of the precision manufacturing who took over a company that had been started by henry ford, renamed it cadillac and then sold to general motors only to have a falling out and then started getting another company called lamken only to watch it go bankrupt by his original nemesis henry ford. the list of characters kept growing and it's even more
to both sides. at the time, iran was still flying many f-4's a couple phantoms and on the other side we had advisors on the ground advising hussein. hussein was our ally and we sent money to hussein on a routine basis. there are some reports that say hussein grect drectly got money from our c.i.a. -- directly got money from our c.i.a. you can understand the confusion over there and you can understand even though iraq has been liberated and there is a democracy there that some of them still seem to hate us for some reason. you wonder why would they hate us if we freed them? because some of them still remember hussein and they fear there will be another hussein. one of the saddest stories that came up i think in the last week was a young soldier was killed in afghanistan. he was killed by the policeman the afghan policeman he was training. we've had over 50 deaths in afghanistan this year from friendly fire from our supposed allies. this one was particularly sad. this boy was to come home within a week or two. his brother was having a football game, was supposed to make his brother's foot
, value the seas s. grant the head of the army came back and got to into politics as a loyal republican. william perry harris then was a soldier here in ohio born in virginia. all three states claimed him but he was successful because he could adapt to the midwest. going into the 20th century with william howard taft, president of the united states, as cincinnati was a southern town and trade was with the south and home of the underground railroad. they can get at of kentucky and were safe and could be disbursed partying was from marion ohio, william mckinley elected president sell a bunch of ohio wins. james garfield you have presidents who came during this period after the civil war up through the 1920's pulling presidents from other parts of the country that tend to be more moderate. not ideologues that is still true statewide. attendance the to be more pragmatic and light -- less ideological. if you try to compete in the general election in helps to swing to the middle. but ohio generally is the average state. almost every demographic group is well represented here. catholic, fundam
mcgarvey parades from the roof of an abyssinian baptist church in early 1920s. he would eventually become an all city track star and one of the first black students at the university am aware he also began to learn the journalistic craft. of course, during the 1920s, harlem was in a renaissance in the heart of the jazz age. ottley was obsessed with musical theater. with the plays of broadway and the jazz music. in the 1930s, the years of the great depression, i think these were formative years for him. he came back from school to help his family. he got a job in the city of new york's welfare department. and witnessed first-hand the immense suffering of his neighbors. and he also started writing. he started doing music and theater reviews for the amsterdam news in harlem and he parlayed that eventually into a regular column that covered all aspects of harlem life, including, and especially, politics. harlem during those years was a sort of political hothouse. ottley was quickly sucked into the rough-and-tumble of the political life better. he was an active participant in the amsterdam new
communications, particularly the terrorist communications that might involve u.s. persons, in other words communications at the one in here in the united states. remember i told you on the 9/11 we began to fight the war and we've got to play defense? as director of the nsa you have a fair amount of authority. you can kind of dial things a little bit, get more aggressive. you can't be haphazard about this, you certainly have to tell congress, but you have the authority. guess what did about 11:00 in the morning on september 11th? if i had the authority to ratchet up, i ratcheted it up. i called george tenet remember the of the committee, also the house intelligence committee said i'm ratcheting up. george comegys ratcheting it up, getting a bit more aggressive, getting high probability we would intercept those kind of messages the would tell us about the next attack. so i tell them george this, george calls me i was with some of the president and vice president. i told them what you are doing. george was making a joke. she said i told them and you're going to jail, mike. the president and
of passing the comprehensive test ban treaty. the u.s. has observed a moratorium on the nuclear testing for the past 20 years but have still ratify the treaty. this is about 45 minutes. >> ladies and gentlemen, i am steve chaney, ceo of the american security project and welcome to asp. if you're not familiar with asp we are a 501c3 non-profit and take on national-security issues from a non-partisan perspective. we were founded in 2006 by senator hagel, senator kerry, heart and governor christine todd whitman who will remain on the board today. and one of the points they raised them and it's still pertinent today was a lot of these issues when anyone mentions them they get paid into it one way or the other republican or democrat. we tend to feel they should get painted in the perspective of national security. and you will see we have a number of publications outside that we study all of them. energy security, nuclear security, climate change, american competitiveness, asymmetric terrorism among others. so i would encourage you to go on the web site and look at them and see how we take it
we do not agree with you. if we don't do it but first in the early '80s deciding to attack the nuclear reactor in iraq not popular in the u.s. but we did it and we were condemned by the state department and the when years later people appreciated that decision that he took in 1981 was for the benefit of the american people. the american army invades iraq could go win and in 19731 and jewish declared it the holiest day of the year. during the yum! kippur war. i thought i knew everything before the book but i've learned a lot with reset -- research. 1973 with the egyptian and civilian army is caught us by surprise, we almost lost the war. it is not the war the fight yen the it now or afghanistan but it means we are out of the game. we were to the point* first day of the war the state department sent a telegram to the embassy. there was a message from kissinger telling us israelis, wait. hold your horses. do not take action because kissinger will move forward. at that time they egyptian and civilian armies were already on the way to destroy the jewish state. the prime minister
've been s talking to. "impeachment of ab abraham lincoln" thanks for joining us on booktv. >> it's my pleasure. thank you very much. .. i think there are a lot of anti-obama folks out there and a lot of books defending the president. i wanted to write a book that described the answer of what i thought was the most important question in and the most interesting question. look at barack obama for a moment as a character. he is a complete fish out of water in a way. he is a guy who has very little executive experience. isn't higher life is that the law professors like turn at the committee table in the illinois statehouse or the u.s. senate or in various meetings but he is never the guy in front of the room deciding, making the hard calls. he has very little if any management experience and then suddenly he is in the most important managerial job in the world. he is president of the united states leader of the free world and so my question was how does he decide? how does he make decisions? how does he govern? not with the content of the positions are but what is his leadership style? wh
hornfischer discusses his work "neptune's inferno: the u.s. navy at guadalcanal." he spoke as part of the toronto called the symposium hold in norwich in northfield vermont. this is about 55 minutes. >> good afternoon. it is my distinct pleasure to present to you at our colby symposium, writer and speaker, james hornfischer. hornfischer is quickly establishing himself as doing for the navy of popular historian stephen ambrose said for the army. this quote is from the rocky mountain news and they feel mr. hornfischer are aptly describes in very well. mr. hornfischer is the author of three, one samuel eliot wars and the word for naval literature and was recently named a naval history magazine as one of a dozen all-time naval classes. his second book, ship of ghosts about the cruiser uss houston is a selection of the history books and the military book club and the winner and 2007 at the night to maritime literature award. his most recent book, "neptune's inferno" published by bantam in 2011 is a major new talent of the auto canal naval campaign. now president of the hse hornfischer m
the city connected to the counterculture movement of 1960s, witnessed a series of transformative events in the decades from the assassination of mayor george moscone and harvey milk to the onset of the aids epidemic. this is just under an hour. [applause] >> thank you so much and thank you or breathing the san francisco juggernaut as i call him the outcome of tv here tonight. it is actually -- thank you to booksmith for having me. i love to hang out the store. i am a customer more than an author and hopefully it felt keep your business over the years. the superb rib for this weather because it's very him and mike. and with tree into, people knew the hippie dippy through stereotypes about the city, but i really wanted, with "season of the witch" to tell the history of the city as batchelor had a semi-different at the same sense that the city's toughness, it's a mystery in this kind of rugged atmosphere. many people forget this game at cisco, before they hippie era was then passed irish cat to come@catholic towns from a very traditional in many ways in the first wave of hippies the
administration's attempts to restore the u.s. economy over the last 3.5 years. look for these titles in bookstores this coming week and watch for the authors in the near future on booktv and on .. your thoughts it was not a legitimate war. you say if 9/11 change the world, the iraq war is similar magnitude. why do you say that? >> guest: i say that because the iraq war really led to major divisions within the international community, and i'm not just talking about the u.n. i'm talking about the impact on communities and groups in the middle east and beyond the, and the sense the world has been broken into groups, and some are being targeted or profiled, who felt very strongly about it, and this is about a war on which the international community was divided. -- it was not approved, and personally believed we should have given the weapons inspectors more time to do their work in iran and come back with a report to the security council, for the council that warned saddam, if you do not perform there will be serious consequences, to determine, firstly, whether he has perform
is amazingly detailed, yet remarkably historic accountu of rrthe worst national disaster in u.s. history, that of courset is they, w galveston hurricane f 1900. life america at theoa turn of the century and the destruction of the city which du was at the time the jewel of th, south.who joi us it was new york city to be ofe a the gulf coast. he meticulously documented thetl stories, the author that strength us here today brings t0 life and human drama and survival of the hurricane thate8 slammed into galveston almost 100 years ago today, actuallyfos 400 years ago coming up on september 8th. the answer given that it is the 100 evers rate coming up, this is a great time for us to look back on the tragedy that unfolded, and the nonfiction yu account of erik larsen. now before i introduce his work and how he went aboutanatmy o researching this nonfiction work, i want to take a few minutes to discuss hurricanes,an the anatomy of hurricanes, howhw we go about tracking ofright afd forecasting and i also want to step back inal time to actually show some footage the was taken right after the damag
that we can really claim that ability for either the 1940s, 50s, was seized or 70s -- or today. if you think back to the 40s, we didn't have enough money to keep a boatload in korea. we took all these nuclear weapons in the 40s about vietnam era. nixon had to pull back and say we are not going to be ready for these multiple wars because we can't afford it. a similar moments where we are today. in the 1970s, we arguably have worse post- world war ii defense planning decade and it led to a hollow force for the quality of the people in uniform was not as high and nowhere near as high as it is today on average. we have rampant problems with certain things. we are still operating under a construct that says one big war in europe and others elsewhere. when strategists could never be so specific to that would be enough. since that time, we have tried to go about capabilities. we really couldn't fight two wars at the same time. we were incorrect in our assessments of what might be needed for a two war capability. the fact that we are having to choose today about where to plan and how to keep o
logjam. the blackhawks were shot down and u.s. withdrew troops. almost every western government withdrew their troops. so the best armed troops left somalia. in the end the operation collapsed. this was end of '93. beginning of that before we had to run. governments go through these and become risk averse. nobody was willing teth send additional troops and. >> host: you right in the book that everyone that they had been watching it somalia. >> guest: that's correct. it back a lot of the fighters in rwanda tolar peacekeeping information those that we watch cnn . they killed ten dozen soldiers in the belgian. ahead they give instructions to the soldiers to protect only themselves. the commander was left with several water bed to do his work with a whole nation of flame and the systematic genocide to a gun . some governments claim they did not know what was happening. i ask what they do when they found that it was happening? they said ten planes to evacuate their nationals and allowed the war to continue. in the end we blame the u.n. we only to find a better way. of course somalia,
, but increasing numbers are becoming unhinged. there are three main d.c.'s about the gop in my book. the first is that the gop worships wealth of the wealthy and subordinate every other domestic economic issue to that fact. while they try to make the deficit and debt reduction their signature issue is a former house and senate budget committee staffer, i believe that is safe only plan. they will be subordinate deficit reduction to giving tax breaks to the wealthy contributors. and that romney's current tax plan is a case in point. it would increase the deficit by $6 trillion over 10 years. ask yourself now, which loophole is he going to cause to make up the difference? he doesn't say and there aren't enough loopholes to do that in any case. most middle-class people like you do not consider the mortgage interest deduction to be a loophole. unlike the deductibility. and in the recent past, congressional republicans have refused to repeal that even the egregious tax loophole a corporate jet to the deficit claims are essentially fraudulent. it's simply bait for the rooms. and yes, they consider al
with the strategic points of this problem. the alliance with u.s. is the most important and strategic asset to israel, and that we have to keep in mind. and i think while saying it, that any decision, if and when it will be taken, should take into consideration this top priority thing of keeping the alliance with the u.s. strong and reliable. reliable takes me to the most interesting problem that i see, that reliability is not the strongest point between the sides right now. each one is expecting the other side, each side suspecting the other side it's not putting all the cards on the table, and doing things behind the back, et cetera, et cetera. and i think that we have to reveal the understanding between the side, to review in order to enable us all to get to the right decision and the right timing. and it's all about timing, because we have two scales. the israeli scale and the american skew. and those two scales are not meeting for the time being unless one watch will stop, and then the other one will reach the same time. but so far as long as both of them are rolling in different speed, there is
in japan during its boot time and 1990s. she mainly marveled at the system, the organizations of corporations and schools and the way that individuals are part of a larger system. in china from my perspective you may only marvel the individuals and the friction -- the centrifugal forces around the country where people give turns to quote eric toby is in the middle of the world. sissy and these people i thought there is a tale to tell. let me now go to the second part of what is going to discuss initially, which is some of the larger tensions and developments within china that she is the microcosm and the suspect of high-tech innovation in the plot lines you can see anomalous in the other part of what is ambitious and frustrated unpromising and not developing in china. one of them of course is the nature of the all out push for in china. people often say how can the chinese public would oppose some of the constraints and limitations and oppressions of life in china in these days? the main answer is over the past 30 years from people at fighters in the past, tenures in the past,
, and osama bin laden is dead. [cheers and applause] now, as we saw last week -- >> u.s.a. >> u.s.a. >> u.s.a. >> u.s.a. >> u.s.a. >> u.s.a. >> now, as we saw last week, we've still got threats out there. we saw the attack on our consulate, and we will bring those murderers to justice. [applause] and that's what as long as i am commander in chief, we will sustain the strongest military the world has ever known. [applause] and when our troops come home, and they take off their uniform, we will serve them as well as they have served us because if you served our military -- [applause] a few protected our people, if you fought for our freedom, you shouldn't have to fight for a job when you come home. [applause] mitt romney, he thinks that it was tragic for us to end the war in iraq. he doesn't have a plan to end the war in afghanistan. i have, and i will. and i'll use the money we are no longer spending on war to pay down our debt and put folks back to work, rebuilding our roads and our bridges. after a decade of war, we need to do some nationbuilding here at home. [applause] so i know you're g
of the firm's electronic units. he served as a law clerk to judge william webster on the u.s. court of appeals for the eighth circuit and also served as a captain in the u.s. army and is a graduate of the u.s. army advocate general school. second, we have maji at new york university's wagner research center for the leadership and action. as director, she teaches students to become citizens the speaking truth to power in those communities. as a reformist muslim, ms. manji has written multiple books on the trends that are changing as long and it's great to have you today. thank you for being here. and finally, my colleague and friend from the the part of justice, mr. michael leiter is the senior counsel to the chief executive officer as the technologies and former director of the national counterterrorism center. it's great to have you here today as well. the chair now recognizes mr. winter for his testimony. >> i'm joined today by adrian steele, the commissioner who was responsible as the governing authority liaison at the per ton of justice and the fbi and also a staff member george murphy. it
>> most history books portray north vietnam's decision to go to war in the late 1950s and early 1960s solely at the response of the situation in south vietnam. basically during this period south vietnamese congress forces were being eradicated by saigon troops and said that called upon the party for help. according to this interpretation, "hanoi's war" was a defensive protective measure. although i agree the southern cries for help were important to north vietnamese leaders, what i found was party leaders in hanoi might've also had internal problems. there were no internal problems on a mine when they made the decision to go to war. following an unsuccessful land reform campaign facing increasing opposition and criticism from among the intelligentsia and the major cities, and finally the road to socialism over all extreme it difficult with state plans that were not coming to fruition, party leaders concluded revolutionary war in the south have the power to deflect from the powers domestic problems in the north. wag the dog so to speak. so in addition to parting the hedge in hano
treated everybody the same, whether you're a cabinet secretary or the guy at the u.s. air counter. >> i remember just covering the world. >> that famous story of putting the book about how he lived literally sleep in the airplane and lay down underneath the seats. >> on the floor. >> he would lay down on the ground. [inaudible] [inaudible conversations] [inaudible] >> i want to just give you a quick summary of why what the bug. a lot of folks came up to me at egad qaeda and said he was a good man and i didn't quite know what that man. i thought it was something nice people said to his son as he was losing his father, but i realized when i started thinking about it, he was hailed as a great man in newspapers and so forth, but what made him good with the fact that he was married to the woman of extreme for 56 years. he raised five kids, all who loved him. you do daily intense relationship with god. he went to mass every day. yet countless friends. and i don't mean senator casey or congressman or governor's cabinet secretary. he had those fronts, but he also had a guy at the u.s. air count
that the generation that fought the war talked about in the 1940s and the 1950s. there's some similarity in our current and temporary conversation, that there are distinct differences and i want to look a little more at those differences today, and maybe suggest why those changes that changed have taken place. the other day it struck me in looking at the way americans remembered the war, not so much the war itself, was that there was wide disagreement. there were a lot of issues, and that's to be expected. when we talk today and refer to trend as the good war thought by the greatest generation, we sort of minimize and reduce the complexity in all of the fresh perspectives and attitudes and feelings people have. i mean, what would you expect? you've got 140 million people thrown into probably the most violent struggle in human history. do you think they all sat back in 1946 and said we are the genders -- the greatest generation that fought the big war, or do you think there were issues? in that sort of statement is a historical trajectory or historical pattern where the complexity becomes narrow
rushed to iraq to fight and i think we are likely to see the same in syria if we don't -- 's. >> host: so there is still a global impact from iraq. you start the book with a very revealing story about colin powell who came to you after the invasion and it looked like americans might be about to find weapons of mass destruction and mr. powell said to you with a big smile on his face you write, they have made an honest man of me. what did he mean? >> guest: i can understand that and i think basically he made the case for weapons of mass destruction in iraq and for a while we couldn't find any, and so if they had as they thought they had it was the indication that finally we found something and it was more of a relief. >> host: do you think he was -- to make a case he did not believe in? >> guest: i'm not sure i can say that but obviously he had stature. he had a very high reputation and was extremely well-liked by the international community and all of the foreign ministers said some time ago he had incredible credibility. >> do you feel the presentation to the united nations which was so q
to health care is a something that will strategic an intro to what they were dealing with in the late 1960s and early 1970s, but also as part of a larger tradition and black activism responding to medical discrimination. >> host: so what was, what transpired in the black panther party and medical care? >> guest: lots of interesting things. they had by the late 1960s a national network of health clinics. it was mandated in the party by 1970 that every chapter of the party, if you're going to be a black panther party, by 1969 the resource bringing up all over because the panthers had captured the attention of a whole generation that disaffected young people. if you're going to start a chapter you have to have a health care clinic. they also within these clinics, it was often just basic preventive care. is often referrals to care for people who had more serious issues, and they also did a thing quite half breaking things like genetic screening. so they did genetic counseling and genetic screen for sickle cell anemia well before it was a national issue. while before we were talking about sickle
to the 1980s. i found three handwritten letters written by barack obama to a palestinian those, where he is trying to cruciate him so. i touch on this roughly in the book. reverend wright, goes after someone who is influential and takes on his views of israel as well. most importantly, you have brought by walt and come up with neighbor in height park, in an area of chicago had a synagogue there. he's really on the far left of american politics. this is a person who in 1979 had an article saying jewish should stop talking about the holocaust. think about this come the late 1870s, which many holocaust survivors were still alive. there is still a show in their tattooed forearms, death camps to the press. this is when there's incredible consciousness raised. this is where america is finally coming to grips that genocide can happen and it's an important teaching moment in the jewish community and the larger american experience. at the moment he says he should stop talking about the holocaust. just as bad as what your doing to the palestinians. it's also the first leader to call for the palest
in eastern. >> his thoughts on the interpretation of the u.s. constitution and what the author teams are many obtuse passages. the constitution cannot be understood by its original text alone, but through historical precedent. discusses his book with supreme court justice clarence thomas at the national archives here in washington. this is about power and 20 minutes. >> could evening. it's a pleasure to welcome you to the national archive. a special welcome to our friends at c-span and the other media outlets to are with us tonight. special guest in the audience today that i want to single out for special welcome, senator mike lee who is a good friend of the national archives. the future supreme court justice , he was at the u.s. court of appeals for the third circuit. welcome. on monday the constitution of the u.s. states turned 225. tonight's program is one of several that the national archives is presenting this month in celebration of the founding document signed in philadelphia on september 17th 1787. tonight we're honored to welcome to distinguished guests to explore the past, present a
u.s. became a leader again, not because of missiles and rockets and great armies and all that is central though they may be. it's because renovated for doing things that inspire the rest of the world to >> author steve forbes is trying to send booktv on c-span 2. >> up next -- >> on your screen now is the cover of a new book coming out august 2012, "seven principles of good government: liberty, people and politics." it's written by former new mexico governor, gary johnson. and he is also the libertarian party nominee for president in 2012. governor john said, when and why did you leave the republican party and become a libertarian? >> you know, i've probably been a libertarian my entire life. this is just kind of coming out of the closet. i don't think i am unlike most americans. i think there's a lot more americans in this country that declare themselves libertarians as opposed to voting libertarian. so the picture and trying to make right now is vote libertarian with me this one time. give me a shot at changing things. and if it does somewhere, you can always return to
university journalism professor christopher daly discusses the evolution of journalism from the 1700s to the digital age. in his book, "covering america," he examines the current arguments that journalism is in danger and points to the numerous obstacles that the news industry has faced throughout its history. this is a little under an hour. >> welcome everybody. and please take your seat. i'm nicholas lemann, the dean of the journalism school. this is to celebrate the publication of a book of "covering america" which is a history of american journalism. certain it will soon be if it isn't already a standard history of american journalism for many years to come by this gentleman, christopher daly, who is a professor of journalism at boston university and an old friend of mine. to give you some idea of how far back we go, when i knew chris, there was a lot of hair here and down here. so anyway, here's what we're going to do. we have a fairly intimate gathering so i want to have time for a lot of q&a so i will spend about the first 30 minutes of this event doing sort of interrogating hi
in august of 1835. the two subsequent criminal trials by d.c.'s district attorney, francis scott key. he authored the star spangled banner and defended slavery in his prosecution and it sought capital punishment only to be thwarted by the alleged victim whose late husband designed to the u.s. capitol. this is just over 50 minutes. [applause] >> they key event but. and they give for hosting this event. i suggest that this, back in the winter. there was never anything less than enthusiastic. this was not always my destination when i came from the minneapolis bookstore, and i'm glad i landed here. some want to tell you a little about the book. i'm going to read a little about the book. many old familiar faces. you know, whenever i come back from minneapolis i have this feeling of what a special place. at think there are probably a few people here who will at least remember the place, if not agree with me. and so it is always nice to be back with old friends. i've really take myself. i even attended an advanced placement class at the old west as cool which was right down here. you have to be
and ida tarbell and upton sinclair i guess are the most famous many come forward to the 60's and now you see more of that kind of critical you know intellectual emergence in the american press. there's a market for stories that dig in and to give people like halberstam. >> guest: all the great investigative reporting teams he put together both for regional, national and international pieces. he was a real trendsetter that time toward looking at the big issues, not just the small ones and set the pace for really an awful lot of -- at the time. >> guest: it was not a widespread occupation. let's put it that way. "the new york times" basically did very little. you had a -- massacre. that would have been a logical place for it. a little news service and little papers around the country. >> host: . [inaudible] >> guest: no, that was -- seymour hersh but he was at the times wasn't he? >> guest: no. later he was. >> guest: the times was very late in coming to investigative reporting. >> host: why is it that we have so little investigative reporting today? is it because of the economic problems
for the middle class in the u.s.. he argues that by the mid 2020s, american workers will see a significant decrease in their incomes and have fewer opportunities for employment as service jobs move overseas. this is a little over an hour, and it's next on booktv. [applause] >> well, hello, everyone, and thanks, rich, for that very generous introduction. i don't know if i deserve it. on the other hand, i lost most of my hair, and i don't think i deserved that either. [laughter] in the long run, maybe all these things work out. i'm really honored to be the kickoff speaker for this great series. i think it's a wonderful idea, and i urge you to come back if you don't like what i say, come back next time anyway, and if you like what i say, come back. as rich says, he and i go back quite away, and i was just reminding him that we reminded each other the first time we met was at a cafe in boston with barry bluestone, and we spent three hours talking political ideas, and we have not stopped really ever since. as a matter of fact, last summer when i was still in the middle of the writing this book,
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